Overcrowding the cage with toys and swings isn’t such a great idea, especially if the bird is always in the cage.
Line the cage floor with newspaper, paper towels or clean sand. Don’t use woodchips, shavings, sandpaper, grit or sawdust. Some cages have a wire floor or “suspended” floor and this is fine, as long as the birds don’t have contact with their droppings.
Food and water
Food and water bowls need to be cleaned daily and placed away from each other in the cage to prevent the bird “dunking” its food. Hooded bowls are available, to minimise mess.
Bird baths or a fine spray of water are appreciated by birds for preening purposes.
Toys for cages need to be chosen carefully. Avoid hooks, wire clasps, removable bells and anything which may trap the bird or be swallowed. The best toys are often free – pine cones, seed sprays, gum nuts etc. Be aware that birds sometimes try to feed the other “bird” they see in the mirror and this can be mistaken for vomitting.
Perches should be natural native tree branches of various diameters, which are replaced instead of being cleaned when soiled. Metal or plastic perches should be avoided and only use wooden dowels if branches aren’t available. Place only two or three perches in a cage being careful not to place them over food or water bowls, to avoid contamination.
Sandpaper covers or perches can cause foot and toe damage and should be avoided.