In the 1920s and 1930s, dog breeders in Japan created the Japanese Spitz by crossbreeding other different Spitz breeds. However, it is believed that the small breed evolved from the Peat Dog that spread from Europe some 6000 years ago, before reaching Asia to Japan around 400 A.D. In Australia, the Japanese Spitz is still a relatively rare breed since arriving in 1979.


Similar to their smaller cousins, the Pomeranians, the Japanese Spitz has a thick, pure white off-standing coat. The stunning breed has a pointed muzzle, small triangular shaped prick ears, dark expressive eyes and a long furry tail that is often curled over their back.

Average lifespan

14 to 17 years


The Japanese Spitz is an active, loyal and affectionate dog that enjoys human interaction and is always eager to please. They are alert and have great courage, making them good watchdogs as they have a tendency to bark to warn off strangers.


Although regular brushing is required of the breed’s pure white fur coat, the Japanese Spitz is actually a low-maintenance breed. Their cost has a non-sticky texture similar to Teflon, meaning mud and dirt fall off or can be brushed out easily from their coat. Like a cat, the Japanese Spitz will lick themselves clean since they don’t like being dirty.

As with most dogs, shedding occurs once a year for this breed and will last about two weeks.

Training and Exercise

Being a devoted companion dog, the Japanese Spitz may not enjoy the company of another pet. It is important to introduce them to other household pets at an early age.

The Japanese Spitz do not require lots of exercise. However, being an active breed, they love being outdoors so daily walks will be sufficient.

Health concern

The major health concern of this breed is patella luxations. Learn about this condition here.

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